60+ Power Electronics Projects for Engineering Students

Power Electronics is an application of solid state electronics for the control and conversion of electric power. It deals with design, control, computation and integration of nonlinear, time varying energy processing electronic systems with fast dynamics. So, we may say that it refers to a subject of research in electronic and electrical engineering.

Today, many engineering students are interested in power electronics projects. So, here we are listing out some of the top power electronics projects ideas which may give better idea to engineering students in selecting the projects in their final year.

List of Power Electronics Projects Ideas:

  • Design and Implementation of Three-Level DC-DC Converter with Golden Section Search Based MPPT for the Photovoltaic Applications: In many photovoltaic (PV) energy conversion systems, non-isolated DC-DC converters with high voltage gain are desired. In this, golden section search (GSS) based MPPT control and its application with three-level DC-DC boost converter for MPPT is demonstrated. The three-level boost converter provides the high voltage transfer which enables the high power PV system to work with low size inductors with high efficiency. A microcontroller is used for validation of the proposed system.
  • Performance Improvement of Two Leg Inverter Fed BLDCM Drive: The usage of BLDC motors enhances various performance factors ranging from higher efficiency, higher torque, high power density, low maintenance and less noise than conventional motors. In this project, a two leg inverter fed BLDC motor drive is designed which uses only four switches and two current sensors. Less number of switches and current sensors means, less switching loss.
  • High Step-Up ZVT Interleaved Converter with Voltage Doublers Cell for Renewable Energy System: In this, a built-in transformer voltage doubler cell with 1KW DC-DC converter is designed for PV systems. The DC-DC converter is designed with increase in voltage gain by reducing voltage stresses of diodes thereby providing high efficiency and high step up conversion which is applicable for renewable energy sources.

  • A Sensor less Current Controlled DC-DC Converter with Intelligent Control Technique: A sensor less predictive peak current control with computing technique has been presented here. In this, the elimination of voltage steady-state error and achieving of high-accuracy current estimation is done without using current sensor. The Fuzzy controller can be implemented in this paper. This controller can be effectively eliminate the voltage steady state error and achieve high accuracy current estimation without using current sensor using comprehensive compensation strategy.
  • Integrated Coupled-Inductor And Diode-Capacitor For A High Voltage Gain DC-DC Converter: A high efficiency and high step–up, non-isolated DC-DC converter is designed. Such high voltage gain converters are widely employed in many industry applications, such as photovoltaic systems, fuel cell systems, electric vehicles and high intensity discharge lamps. This converter improves the source side Power factor by reducing the errors in both input and output side which helps in long life span of the equipment.
  • Sensor less Passivity Based Control of a DC Motor: The importance of motor control has increased in recent years. A sensor less passivity control of DC motor is designed. Passivity is to maintain stability at input and output. Solar panel is connected with MPPT for stable input voltage. At the output, the voltage of the SEPIC converter and the speed of the motor are controlled. In this application, the power converters transfer the Solar panel power to the load represented by a DC motor.
  • Buck-Boost Control of Four Quadrant Chopper using Symmetrical Impedance Network for Adjustable Speed Drive: In this, a buck-boost control based wide range speed control of four quadrant chopper using symmetrical impedance network called Z-source network is designed. By controlling the shoot through duty ratio from 0 to 0.5 and non-shoot through techniques, the Z-source four quadrant choppers can produce any desired DC voltage across the DC motor. New switching patterns for both buck and boost operations are used to achieve four modes of operation of DC motor even though input DC voltage is less than voltage rating of DC motor using Z-source network
  • Wireless Power Transmission using Class E Power Amplifier from Solar Input: In this project, the concept of transmission of power wirelessly using the input from the solar panel is designed. The design uses the input from the solar panel and by using a high step-up DC-DC converter, the input of 12V has been stepped up to 70V which is then given as input to the class E Amplifier. The receiver end receives a DC output of 110V and the power delivered to the load is nearly 28W
  • Design and Analysis of Solar Power Switched Inductor and Switched Capacitor for DC Distribution System: In this project, a high step-up solar power optimizer (SPO) that efficiently harvests maximum energy from a photovoltaic (PV) panel is designed. The output energy is sent to a DC-micro grid. In order to realize high step-up voltage gain, switched inductor and switched capacitor technologies are used. The high step-up SPO uses these technologies to achieve a high-voltage gain that is 20 times higher than the input voltage.
  • Implementation of PI controller for fourth order Resonant Power Converter with capacitive output filter: In this, a closed loop control of the fourth order (LCLC configuration) resonant converter is designed. The PI controller has been used for closed loop operation. The output voltage and current are obtained using zero voltage and zero current switching time using PI controller
  • MATLAB/SIMULINK Based Modeling Photovoltaic Array Fed T-Source Inverter: Here, a T-source inverter with simple boost control technique has been introduced for photovoltaic applications. The mathematical model of T-source inverter is derived and it is simulated in MATLAB software. By controlling modulation index and shoot through duty ratio, boost factor value gets varied; there by the designed output voltage can be obtained. The T-source inverter gives high voltage gain, improved transient response and reduction in total harmonic distortion when compared to conventional z-source inverter.
  • Simulation and Implementation of Multilevel Inverter Based BLDC Motor Drive: BLDC motor are widely used in high power high voltage application because of their high efficiency, simple construction, lower cost, less maintenance and higher torque or high output power per unit volume. A diode clamped multilevel inverter has been designed for BLDC motor drive applications. The total harmonic distortion is very low compared to that of classical inverter. The inverter system can be used for industries where the adjustable speed drives are required and significant amount of energy can be saved as the system has less harmonic losses.
  • Maximum Power Point Tracking Of PV Arrays Under Partial Shading Condition Using SEPIC Converter: Under partial shading conditions and rapidly varying irradiance conditions, conventional MPPT methods fail to track real maximum power point. To overcome this situation, an improved MPP tracking algorithm is developed and integrated with SEPIC converter. This MPPT system is able to track the real maximum power point under constant and varying weather conditions.
  • An Efficient High-Step-Up Interleaved DC-DC Converter with a Common Active Clamp: The high-voltage step-up DC-DC converters are required as an interface between the low voltage sources and the output loads that are operated at much higher voltages. In this project, Coupled-inductor boost converters are designed to achieve high-step-up power conversion without extreme duty ratio operation while efficiently handling the high-input current.
  • Solar Smart Inverter: A Novel Design using Multi level Topology and Pulse Width Modulation with Load Detection: In this project, a new solar smart inverter system is designed for small scale applications which are the latest achievement in the power electronics wing. The Solar cell movement system implemented here will move the panel from 180 degree east to west and return to initial position after sunset. Also solar charging is implemented by eliminating common ground problem. The main objective of this project is to produce sinusoidal waveform with minimum distortion from separate DC source by using multilevel inverters.
  • Analysis of Binary DC Source Reduced Switch 7-level Inverter: Here, a binary DC source reduced switch 7-level inverter is implemented. The UPDPWM strategy with trapezoidal reference provides output with relatively low distortion and UCOPWM strategy with trapezoidal reference provides relatively higher fundamental RMS output voltage.
  • Design and Control of Electric Power Train by Using Advanced Power Electronics Interface: An integrated power electronic interface for Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) which optimizes the performance of the power train is designed. The concept of Advanced Power Electronics Interface (APEI) combines the features of the Bi-directional Multi Device interleaved DC-DC converter (BMDIC) and the Eight Switch Inverter (ESI). This design improves the system efficiency and reliability, and reduces the current, voltage ripples, and also reduces the size of the passive and active components in the BEV drive trains compared to other topologies.
  • Modeling And Simulation Of SVPWM Inverter Fed Permanent Magnet Brushless Dc Motor Drive: Space vector Modulation Technique has become the most popular and important PWM technique for Three Phase Voltage Source Inverters for the control of AC Induction, Brushless DC, Switched Reluctance and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors. Here, the analysis and simulation of space vector PWM is carried out. The Modulation Index is high and current and torque harmonics are much less for SVPWM when compared to SPWM.
  • Voltage Distortion Approach for Output Filter Design for Off-Grid and Grid-Connected PWM Inverters : An output filter design based on the voltage transfer function for both off-grid and grid-connected Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Inverters. The approach for the design is based on current ripple and current transfer function in contrast to voltage distortion approach in conventional design.
  • Design of High Gain DC-DC Boost Converter With Coupling Inductor And Simulation in PSIM: A high gain DC-DC converter is designed with coupling inductor. It is used to boost low voltages to voltages into high range of 30 to 50 times input voltage without using a transformer. One of the important applications is boosting the low solar panel voltage (12V) to high voltage, so that 230V AC can be generated. In order to achieve high voltage output gain, the converter output terminal and boost output terminal are connected in series with the isolated inductor with less voltage stress on controlled power switch and power diodes. PSIM software is used for simulation
  • A Novel Phase Shifted DC-DC Converter with Adaptive Soft Switching to Improve Efficiency under wide Load Range: In this project, two different controllers: PI and fuzzy controllers are used to improve the dynamic response of the DC/DC boost converter against the load variation. A DC-DC converter with adaptive soft switching is used to achieve ZVS operation for all the switches.
  • Low Cost and High Performance Single Phase UPS Using a Single-Loop Robust Voltage Controller: Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPSs) can be divided into the passive-standby, line-interactive and double-conversion methods. Here, a low cost, high-performance double-conversion UPS using a single-loop robust voltage controller and a 1-switch voltage doubler strategy PFC converter is designed. The PFC converter and inverter supply energy to the load in the normal mode. The inverter also operates in the power failure mode and supplies energy to the load with a push-pull converter and a battery.
  • Design and Simulation of transformer less Single Phase Photovoltaic Inverter without battery for Domestic Application: A single phase photovoltaic inverter is designed. This system converts photovoltaic power into single phase AC supply efficiently without using transformer and batteries. Maximum Power Point Tracking algorithm, boost converter and an inverter with controlled PWM scheme are implemented for extracting maximum power, raising DC level and converting DC to AC respectively.
  • Digital MPPT Interface for PV Module: A photovoltaic module is an array of photo voltaic cell. When this module is exposed to solar irradiance, it yields electrical energy in the form of direct current. This system implements an interface between load (Solar-Inverter) and PV module in order to achieve maximum energy transfer
  • Solar Photovoltaic Powered Sailing Boat Using Buck Converter: A Solar Photovoltaic powered sailing boat using buck converter is designed here. This is a new and innovative application which is fully environmental friendly and is almost pollution less. No extra space is required as the upper portion of the boat is unused and the solar panels are installed on that portion quite easily. No need for any fuel in day time due to the presence of sunlight. Lastly, energy payback period will be lesser than fuel run boat.
  • Harmonics Mitigation Using Active Power Filter: Harmonics have a number of undesirable effects on the distribution systems. Here, Active Power filters are used to mitigate harmonics in power lines. The principle of APF is to utilize power electronics technologies to produce exact currents constituents that nullify the harmonic currents constituents caused by the nonlinear burden.
  • Reduction of Harmonics and Torque Ripples of BLDC Motor by Cascaded H-Bridge Multi Level Inverter Using Current and Speed Control Techniques: The performance of a BLDC motor with phase switching inverter can be improved by using multilevel inverter topologies. Here, a series connected five level with phase shift modulation is used to drive a BLDC motor. It involves speed and current control techniques to reduce the harmonic distortions and torque ripples.
  • A Synchronizing Device for Power Electronic Converters: In this project, a synchronizing device for power electronic converters with single-phase or three phase AC input voltage is designed. The voltage synchronizing transformer in this device has been replaced by a current transformer and a double galvanic isolation has been realized by means of optical media.
  • Simscape Based Modeling & Simulation of MPPT Controller for PV Systems: A Simscape based model of solar cell and solar array is developed. Modeling of solar array in Simscape library is much easier than in Simulink environment of MATLAB. Boost converter is used to boost and regulate the output voltage of solar array. Duty cycle of boost converter is controlled through MPPT controller to track the maximum power from solar array
  • PWM-Based Sliding Mode Controller for Three-Level Full-Bridge DC-DC Converter that Eliminates Static Output Voltage Error : A PWM-based sliding mode controller for full-bridge DC-DC converter that can eliminate the static output voltage error is designed. It is derived through equivalent control concept. The second-order hysteretic SMC becomes the first-order PWM-based sliding mode controller after equivalent control conversion. The first-order controller has the ability to achieve good dynamic performance. However, it has no ability to resist the static output voltage error. Thus, an integral item is added to the PWM-based sliding mode controller.
  • Comparison of Fuzzy PID Controller with Conventional PID Controller in Controlling the Speed of a Brushless DC Motor: BLDC motors are widely used for many industrial applications because of their high efficiency, high torque and compact size. The developed system is used to compare the speed control techniques of a BLDC motor based on proportional integral derivative controller and Fuzzy proportional integral derivative controller.
  • Photovoltaic Cell Fed 3-Phase Induction Motor Using MPPT Technique: The main objective here is to achieve maximum power output from the Photovoltaic array and to inject a high quality AC current into the grid to transfer that power. The first stage of the Power Conditioning System is a DC-DC boost converter responsible for extracting maximum power from the photovoltaic array and increasing its output voltage. The second stage of the Power Conditioning System is a current controlled voltage source inverter (VSI) that converts the DC power of the array into AC power and injects it into the grid.
  • Low Voltage DC Distribution System: Today, all the necessary materials and electronics are running on DC supply. DC distribution is a major competition to the conventional AC distribution system in the future. The transformer voltage conversion of AC can be replaced by DC-DC conversion. Power Electronics is a driving force to realize this future power distribution.
  • Design and Implementation of ANFIS based MPPT Scheme with Open Loop Boost Converter for Solar PV Module: Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is used to increase the efficiency of solar photovoltaic systems under varying weather conditions. In this project, an adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) based Maximum power point tracking control scheme with open loop boost converter is designed. The simulation of design is done using MATLAB software package.
  • Grid Connected Solar System with PWM Operated Thirteen Level Inverter using Digital PI Controller: As renewable energy systems become more widespread, rooftop photovoltaic systems are more likely to be found in a grid connected scheme. When the PV array is used as a source of power supply, it is necessary to use the Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) to get the maximum power point from the photovoltaic array. This research addresses the issues of photovoltaic arrays and panels by simulating a comprehensive model in SIMULINK that takes into consideration the most important elements in a photovoltaic cell, array or panel
  • Wireless Speed and Direction Control of Dc Motor by Using Radio Frequency Technology: DC motors are used in many industries such as paper mills, rolling mills, printing machine tools, excavators and cranes etc. to control the conveyer belt. A microcontroller based wireless control of a DC motor is designed. The speed and the direction of the motor are controlled by using radio frequency technology. Pulse width modulation technique is used to control the speed and a transistorized H-bridge converter is used to convert the direction.
  • Implementation of a High Efficiency and Low Cost Converter with Analog MPPT Using Photovoltaic Water Pumping System for Agriculture: The primary goal of any switching-mode power converter is to provide a constant output voltage at its load. This project represents a switched-capacitor-based resonant converter (SCRC) using a phase-shift control method. The configuration consists of four switches and two capacitors which replace the bulky magnetic components (inductor and transformers) present in the conventional converters.
  • Application of Distribution Power Electronic Transformer for Medium Voltage: Based on the requirement of a power conversion system, power electronic transformer is designed to facilitate many requirements that are expected in power electronic and distribution systems. The power electronics based transformer is a multi-port converter that can connect to medium voltage levels on the primary side. The designed system can provide bidirectional power flow and has as many ports as it is required. For low-voltage application, power electronics transformer can correct power factor and can adjust the waveform and frequency of the output voltage. It can be expanded for high voltage and high current applications
  • Power Management and Control of Grid Connected Photovoltaic System with Plug in Hybrid Vehicle Load: In general, coordinated charging of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles can lower power losses and voltage deviations by flattening out peak power. However, when the choice of charging periods is rather arbitrary, the impact of the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle penetration level is large. In this design, a grid-connected residential photovoltaic (PV) system containing a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is proposed.
  • Analysis and Design of DC-link Voltage Controller in Shunt Active Power Filter: An adaptive DC-link voltage controller in a three-phase four-wire shunt active power filter is proposed here to satisfy both the dynamic characteristic of DC-link voltage control and steady-state compensation performance. To implement this controller, the required minimum DC-link voltage for active power filter is reduced.
  • Hybrid Resonant and PWM Converter: A hybrid resonant and pulse width modulation converter combining resonant half-bridge and phase-shifted pulse width modulation full-bridge configuration is proposed. This system ensures the switches in leading leg operating at zero voltage switching and switches in lagging leg operating at zero current switching. Such systems are very useful for battery charger applications in electric vehicles.
  • Nuclear Radiation Detection: A system for detecting nuclear radiations using RF technology is proposed. This is a microcontroller based system with Nuclear Radiation sensor integrated to it. Upon detection, an alarm is activated along with a triggering signal to other radiation detectors in the vicinity. Every unit has a transmitter and a receiver so that individual radiation detection units can send and receive signals.
  • Single-Stage Boost Inverter with Coupled Inductor: Hybrid energy systems are reliable alternative energy sources as they combine two different energy sources and create a stand by source. Renewable power systems as distributed generation units often experience big changes in the inverter input voltage due to fluctuations of energy resources. A single stage boost inverter with coupled inductors is proposed for high efficiency and reliability.
  • Hybrid Renewable Energy System Using DFIG and Multilevel Inverter: Generating energy from renewable sources is a growing trend. In the proposed system, the rotor of the generator draws power either from the AC source or photovoltaic panel. In order to get maximum power out of the photovoltaic panels, maximum power point tracking system is employed. A multilevel inverter is used to convert the AC voltage from mains and DC voltage from photovoltaic panels in to suitable voltage to rotor.
  • Predictive Control of AC-AC Modular Multilevel Converters: AC-AC modular multilevel converters have the advantage of high reliability, improved hardware utilization and better control over resonance when compared to direct AC-AC converters. They also provide high modularity and voltage quality. The main drawback of AC-AC modular multilevel converters is the input and output frequency components in the control loop. A method for single phase, AC-AC multilevel converter predictive control is proposed.
  • An Improved Pulse Width Modulation Method for Chopper- Cell-Based Modular Multilevel Converters: The Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) represents an emerging topology with a technology making high voltage and power capability possible. The MMC is one of the most promising power converter topology for high power applications in the near future. An improved pulse width modulation (PWM) method for half-bridge based MMCs is proposed.
  • Torque Ripple Reduction in BLDC Torque Motor with Non-ideal Back EMF: Brushless DC motor has been widely used due to its features-simple control, low noise, high power density, high output torque, etc. However, torque ripple is generated in commutation intervals because of the presence of armature inductance of brushless DC motor which deteriorates the precision of position control and speed control of brushless DC motor. An automatic control for the reduction of torque ripples in BLDC is proposed.
  • Non isolated Bidirectional DC-DC Converters With Negative-Coupled Inductor: The bidirectional DC-DC converter along with energy storage has become a promising option for many power related systems like hybrid vehicle, fuel cell vehicle and renewable energy systems. A solution for non-isolated bidirectional DC-DC converter with high efficiency and reliability is proposed. In order to split the switch branch in the system into two power flows, a small negative coupled inductor is used. It also prevents the flowing of freewheeling current through the diode of the MOSFET.
  • RF Based Servo and DC Motor Controller System: The main aim of the project is to design a versatile device that can control DC and servo devices by using radio frequency. Such wireless control of DC and servo motors is an interesting concept and is frequently used in robotics, industries and in toy cars.
  • Method for Detecting an Open-Switch Fault in a Grid-Connected NPC Inverter System: The fault detection and identification is becoming more and more important for industrial applications. Therefore, it is increasingly required to improve the fault diagnosis capabilities. Here, a low cost method for open-switch fault detection in the switches. By using this method, it is possible to detect the open-switch fault and identify the faulty switch.
  • Four Quadrants Integrated Transformers for Dual-Input Isolated DC-DC Converters: Nowadays, clean and renewable energies including fuel cell, wind energy, photovoltaic, etc., have been widely applied to achieve environment friendly objectives. The high power solar cells or fuel cells often need boosting of their low output voltage to a high DC-link voltage. Multi-input DC-DC converters are used. The limitation of such converters is power coupling effect. A new system called Four Quadrants Integrated Transformers for Dual-Input Isolated DC–DC Converters is proposed.
  • Asymmetrical Full-bridge Converter With High-Voltage Gain: In the past few decades, full bridge DC-DC converters are extensively applied in medium to high power applications. An asymmetric full bridge DC-DC converter is presented here. The control of the system is implemented with asymmetrical pulse width modulation technique. The converter achieves Zero Voltage Switching for all power switches and Zero Current Switching for output diodes. It can provide high voltages and gains across semiconductor devices.
  • Analysis and Comparison of Three Topologies of the Ladder Multilevel DC/DC Converter: Achieving high efficiency on power converters is one of the main issues of power electronics. Multilevel converters manage the high-voltage problem with the use of low-voltage components. Ladder multilevel DC/DC converter use only capacitive components in their systems. Three such topologies are compared here.
  • Interline Unified Power Quality Conditioner: Quality power supply is essential for proper operation of industrial processes which contain critical and sensitive loads. For Power Quality improvement, the developments of power electronics devices such as FACTS and Custom Power Devices have introduced an emerging branch of technology. Interline Unified Power Quality Conditioner (IUPQC) is a device that solves the problem of power quality. IUPQC with closed loop control schemes of Direct current control, series voltage converter is proposed here.
  • Power Electronics Converters for Wind Turbine Systems: Generation of energy from renewable sources has a steady growth. Hence, there is a need for power converters for these applications. The power converters are classified into single and multi cell topologies. A review of existing power converters is done including those that are not adopted due to risk with high power.
  • Ultra Low Latency HIL Platform for Rapid Development of Complex Power Electronics Systems: The need for energy savings and energy production from renewable sources has been the driving factor for the growth in the field of power electronics. Testing and verifying complex power electronics systems is a time consuming process. The proposed system provides a flexible, accurate and easy to use simulation system. With this, the system optimization, code development and lab testing can be done in a single step.
  • A High-Power Input-Parallel Output-Series Buck and Half-Bridge Converter and Control Methods: A two-stage DC–DC converter in an input-series connection is appropriate for high power applications. But the system causes several oscillations during step up – step down transition. Hence an input-parallel output series buck-half Bridge converter is designed here that is suitable for high power applications.
  • A Low Cost Fly back CCM Inverter for AC Module Application: A low cost flyback inverter with sliding mode controller for AC module application has been proposed. Here the Sliding mode controller is used for tracking the maximum power from the photovoltaic panel .The flyback inverter is used to convert the direct current into alternating current. The total harmonic distortion of the flyback inverter is reduced by the LCL filter connected between inverter and load.
  • A Modified Single-Phase Quasi-Z-Source AC-AC Converter: This is a single phase Z-source converter for AC-AC power conversion. All the advantages of the traditional single phase Z- source AC-AC converter are inherited with additional advantages like reduced size and continuous input current operation. The modified single-phase quasi-Z-source AC-AC converter has a higher efficiency in comparison to the conventional single-phase Z-source AC-AC converters and there will be no voltage spike on the switch.
  • SMS Based Electric Billing System: Billing is a critical function in almost all service based products. It involves manual process which is prone to errors. The developed system is mobile and web based system. It eliminates most of the errors caused by manual calculations and data entering. This microcontroller based system will access accurate and sufficient data from metering devices. Then the system does the calculation and the bills are sent to the relevant consumers via SMS.

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